International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences (IJFPS) <div>ISSN:&nbsp;<span style="color: #ff0000; font-size: small;">2231-8186</span>&nbsp;<br>DOI: <span style="color: #ff0000; font-size: small;">10.14331/ijfps</span></div> Fundamental Journals en-US International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences (IJFPS) 2231-8186 A Comparison of the Influential Factors Creating Conflicts Between Cities and Its Annexed Village <p style="text-align: justify;">Considering the lack of consistency in these urban and rural areas in relation to several factors such as social, economic, cultural, physical and administrative, the amalgamation of the rural areas into urban areas leads to numerous problems. Therefore this paper tries to individually examine the role of each of the abovementioned factors in amalgamation of village areas into city districts. This research uses analytic method and documentary research including extensive field observation, and questionnaires which were completed by 220 households and it highlights that even though there are not significant social and managerial differences between Islamshahr city and Shatereh village, when considering cultural, economic and physical factors in these areas the difference is substantial thus, the results indicates that these differences are the consequence of the amalgamation of the villages into the cities.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><a href=""></a></p> Naghmeh MohammadPourlima Ali NooriKermani Ali Akbar Rezaei ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-28 2019-01-28 8 4 5 8 10.14331/ijfps.2013.330044 Marl qualitative effects on distribution of quaternary units and deposits ‎(Case study: Tehran Province)‎ <blockquote> <p style="text-align: justify;"><sub><img title="free website hit counter" src=";id=121001&amp;s=16" border="0"></sub>&nbsp;&nbsp;<small></small><strong>Views&nbsp; </strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Marls with badland, waterway, torrent, surface, rill, gully, rock and tunnel erosion, as the most sensitive lithology against erosion and weathering, have a major role in the sedimentation of watersheds. Marls of Iran based on minerals solvability are divided into two types: Evaporative and non-evaporative which have Special features and have been distributed in Tehran province. Formations and units of geology are important in sediments production and distribution marl units. In Tehran province, from the geological point of view, there is a combination of Alborz and Central Iran sedimentary units that &nbsp;based on maps geology information, on a scale of 1: 100000 and 1:250000 such as Tehran, Semnan, Amol, Ghazvin-Rasht, Marzanabad (Chalus) the geology formations and units exist often. There isn’t any gap in geology maps. Often marl geology formation and units such as Karaj, Ziarat, upper red and under red formation, are Cenozoic age and has been distributed in Tehran province North. Based on studies and this research geology marl Formations and units have been effective about percent 10 on sediment production and quaternary distribution in Tehran province.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><a href=""></a></p> </blockquote> Rahman Sharifi Mahmoud ‎ Nikkhah Shamirzadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 8 4 91 95 Innovative extracting of optimum operational diagrams for a CW sealed CO2 laser based on the evolutionary genetic algorithm <blockquote> <p style="text-align: justify;"><sub><img title="free website hit counter" src=";id=121001&amp;s=16" border="0"></sub>&nbsp;&nbsp;<small></small><strong>Views&nbsp; </strong></p> <p>Some innovative diagram for the optimum parameters in operation of a sealed CW CO<sub>2</sub> laser was extracted by using the evolutionary genetic algorithm. By picking up an optimum value for the cavity stability parameter, geometrical factor (g), the optimum value of other parameters such as tube diameter, tube length and the coupler transmission, are resulted by these optimum&nbsp; diagrams.</p> </blockquote> Saeid Behrouzinia Majid Aram Pedram Mohamadizadeh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 8 4 96 98 10.14331/ijfps.2018.330120 Theory of relativity: Analysis of Lorentz transformation and ‎Lorentz factor <blockquote> <p style="text-align: justify;"><sub><img title="free website hit counter" src=";id=121001&amp;s=16" border="0"></sub>&nbsp;&nbsp;<small></small><strong>Views&nbsp; </strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">In this paper, we intended to understand why and how the Lorentz transformations act. Knowing ‎the ‎structure of formula will help us to consider more about the fallacy of time dilation. Here, we will ‎show ‎that the space occupied by an object is not lengthened, but it is as a consequence of reference ‎system ‎motion respect to the object.‎‎‎</p> </blockquote> Enrique Martinez Viladesau ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 8 4 87 91 10.14331/ijfps.2018.330118 Theory of special relativity: False premise that leads to ‎obtain ‎incorrect conclusions <p>In this paper, we present the chain of errors that have been committed to accepting the utopia of time dilation. This chain of ‎errors begins accepting as true some false premises. Starting from these false premises, errors of interpretation of reality are ‎triggered, which lead to incorrect conclusions.‎‎</p> Enrique Martinez Viladesau ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-19 2018-06-19 8 4 83 86 10.14331/ijfps.2018.330117 Specific heat of a gas is same in both Isochoric ‎and Isobaric process <p>&nbsp;<img title="free website hit counter" src=";id=121099&amp;s=5" border="0">&nbsp; <strong>Views</strong></p> <p>The Palchoudhury gas theory and Palchoudhury gas equation have a profound potency applicable to all phenomena of gases. Inner and covered outer surface area of molecules are the outstanding inventions related to gas behavior. The exertion of infrared wave force on the covered outer surface area of tiny particles and the corresponding effect on the inner surface of a gas container is the real cause of the gas behavior. We can independently explain all kind of behavior of gases with the help of the conception of the inner force and internal force. We can clarify the isothermal and adiabatic behavior of gases, show the relation between heat and force. It is most significant finding, the specific heat of an identical gas in the isochoric and the isobaric process is not different but same as the inner force in both methods is same.</p> Sankar Palchoudhury ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-16 2018-06-16 8 4 79 82 10.14331/ijfps.2018.330116