The Nature of Force and the Dark Matter

Astrophysics and cosmology

  • Xingwu Xu Research Institute of Hefei Guoxuan High-tech Power Energy Co., Ltd. 599 Daihe Road, Hefei, Anhui 230012, P. R. China
Keywords: nature of force, gravity, Gibbs free energy, dark matter


There are different approaches for investigating the force as well as the gravity. Newton emphasized the mathematical meaning of gravity. Einstein’s gravity is geometry. The physical exploring for the gravity is still on the way. Le Sage investigated the nature of gravity, but his theory has many defects. This paper gives out a physical chemistry approach for the nature of force, which bases on gravitons’ reaction by introducing the concepts of Gibbs free energy change and holographic screen. The change of the Gibbs free energy results in the imbalance on the two sides of the holographic screen, it is the force. The change of force as the distance depends on the distribution of gravitons. For solar system, the graviton gas distributes in centre-radical pattern, so the inverse-square law is applicable. But in the galaxies, the distribution of the graviton gas is not in centre-radical, therefore the acceleration is just inversely proportional to the distance (not square of distance), which is equivalent to the centripetal force. The flatness of rotation curve can be explained without dark matter.


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Author Biography

Xingwu Xu, Research Institute of Hefei Guoxuan High-tech Power Energy Co., Ltd. 599 Daihe Road, Hefei, Anhui 230012, P. R. China

Biography of Xingwu Xu

Xingwu Xu, deputy dean of the research institute of Hefei Guoxuan High-tech Power Energy Co; Ltd. The research areas are new energy storage, Li-ion batteries for new energy vehicles, new materials, dark matter, and dark energy, etc.


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How to Cite
Xu, X. (2019). The Nature of Force and the Dark Matter. International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences (IJFPS), 9(3), 41-47.