International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps
<p><span style="color: darkblue;"><a title="International Journal of Fundamental Physical Science (IJFPS)" href="https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://fundamentaljournals.org/public/site/images/admin/homepageimageenus.jpg" alt="" width="1349" height="371" /></a>ISSN: 22318186</span><br /><span style="color: darkblue;">DOI: 10.14331/ijfps</span></p> <p><em>International Journal of Fundamental Physical Science (IJFPS)</em></p> <p><em><span style="color: red;">IJFPS (Int.J. Fundam. Phys. Sci )</span></em> is a multidisciplinary and quarterly openaccessjournal that publishing all accepted papers as an openaccess journal. IJFPS, publishing original research and review papers in English covering all areas of fundamental physical sciences studies such as Applied Physics, Astronomy (theoretical and experimental), Astrophysics and Cosmology, Atmospheric physics, Atomic Physics, Biophysics, Chemistry, Civil, Earthquake, Engineering, and Technology, Fuzzy logic, General and Special Relativity, Geology, Geophysics, Gravitation, History of Astronomy, History of Mathematics, History of Physics, History of Sciences, Material sciences, Mathematical Physics, Mechanics, Nuclear Physics, Optics & Lasers, Plasma Physics, Pure Mathematics, Quantum Mechanics, Radiation Physics, Remote sensing and GIS, Solid state physics, Spectroscopy, Theoretical Physics, Thermodynamics and more.</p> <p><strong>How to Submit Manuscript to IJFPS ?</strong></p> <p><strong><a title="Submission" href="https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/about/submissions" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Submit online</a></strong>and also send your manuscript to the following email address. <a style="backgroundcolor: #ffffff;" title="email for manuscript submission" href="mailto:fundamentaljournals@gmail.com">fundamentaljournals@gmail.com </a></p> <p>(All manuscript submited from <span style="color: red; textdecoration: underline;">arXiv</span> are free of charge to publish)</p>
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/228
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sara dara
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/228

New Classical Relativistic Theory of a Charged Particle in an Electric Field
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/225
<p>A new relativistic theory of the classical motion of a charged particle in an electric field has been developed. The resulting equations characterize the kinematic and dynamic features of particle motion, demonstrating peculiar behavior in areas with high attractive potentials. This changes the existing paradigm for the interaction of charge with an electric field, entailing profound consequences. The new theory converges with the conventional theory of electricity under conditions of low potentials and nonrelativistic particle velocities. The possibility of experimental verification of the new theory is discussed.</p>
Grigori.G. Karapetyan
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/225
Wed, 20 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000

Generation of Waves in the Gravitational Field of the Universe
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/220
<p>The gravitational field naturally perturbs due to the wave (light, xray, infrared, etc.). The gravitational field encompasses everything. Wave formation, like to that of the natural world. In the natural world, when wood and plants burn, a chemical reaction produces CO<sub>2</sub>, CO, and other gases. During this chemical process, tiny particles (atoms, molecules, etc.) vibrate, and their vibrations get intense enough to cause the gravitational field to be disrupted. This kind of vibration creates waves in the surrounding gravitational field and propagates them forward with a specific initial power, wavelength, and amplitude.</p>
Sankar Palchoudhury
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/220
Tue, 26 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000

The Generation of Waves in the Gravitational Field of the Universe
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/219
<p>The gravitational field naturally perturbs due to the wave (light, xray, infrared, etc.). The gravitational field encompasses everything. Wave formation, like to that of the natural world. In the natural world, when wood and plants burn, a chemical reaction produces CO<sub>2</sub>, CO, and other gases. During this chemical process, tiny particles (atoms, molecules, etc.) vibrate, and their vibrations get intense enough to cause the gravitational field to be disrupted. This kind of vibration creates waves in the surrounding gravitational field and propagates them forward with a specific initial power, wavelength, and amplitude.</p>
Sankar Palchoudhury
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/219

SimulationDriven Strategies for Improving Natural Ventilation in Educational Spaces: A Case Study of An Educational Building in Sari
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/217
<p>Any architectural space, especially the architecture of an educational complex, should provide comfort for human beings in the face of geographical and climatic characteristics. Climatic factors have always profoundly affected the formation of the physical environment of buildings. Energy demand has always been one of society’s most critical issues. Saving resources is one of the architectural design goals to achieve a suitable environmentfriendly architecture. This architectural approach, which comes from the concepts of sustainable development, is one of the basic human needs in the current world due to its compatibility with the environment. The goal is to build constructions that can improve the climate, prevent the waste of energy consumption, and avoid the adverse effects of construction on the environment. In traditional Iranian architecture, there are numerous passive methods; natural ventilation is an essential part of Iranian conventional building design, which is being ignored today. Since humid and moderate climates have high relative humidity on most days of the year, one important goal is to move the stagnant moisture inside to establish a suitable thermal environment for occupants. The research method of the present study is descriptiveanalytical, which has been experimented with according to library studies in addition to climate and meteorological data. Then, analysis of the data is provided by an energy simulator. It is concluded that the best orientation of the educational building is south, which can provide proper natural ventilation and solar heat gain. In other words, optimal interior air quality is achieved in this orientation.</p>
Sina Tabibi
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/217
Sun, 17 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000

Universal Matter Synthesis and Management via Constructive Resonance: Pioneering Advancements in Physical Sciences and Applied Systems
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/216
<p style="textalign: justify;">Constructive resonance, a fundamental phenomenon observed across various scales, plays a pivotal role in both quantum and astrophysical realms. This study delves into the dynamic intricacies of constructive resonance, exploring its implications for matter creation and the origin of forcefields like gravity. It posits that constructive wave couplings between fundamental particles induce a resonant attractive force akin to gravity at the subatomic level, conserving energy within the system. We conceptualize spacetime as an interconnected fabric encoding linear and nonlinear patterns within an Information Field, revealing interactions between fundamental particles as 'Constructive Resonance Waves,' giving rise to the material universe. Cosmic Information (CI) is introduced as a fundamental basis vector, tied to the dimensions of space and time, culminating in a 5D universe. This paper introduces a novel theoretical framework encompassing Constructive Resonance and the parametrically represented by to offer a dynamic perspective on fundamental forces. By integrating these concepts into existing theories, we unveil a fresh understanding of gravity, electromagnetism, and other forces. The RIIFF© framework, expressed as , elucidates how forces vary over time and space due to resonant interactions, providing a foundation for future research into the dynamic nature of the cosmos.</p>
Sanjay Bhushan
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/216
Tue, 10 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000

On the Physical Properties of GType Main Sequence Stars
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/193
<p>This research focuses on the classification and properties of GType main sequence stars. It discusses the historical development of star classification systems and their importance in understanding stellar evolution, composition, and galactic structures. The paper also examines the massradius and massluminosity relationships of stars, highlighting the strong positive correlations between mass and radius, as well as mass and luminosity. The findings suggest that more massive stars tend to be larger and more luminous. However, further analysis is needed to explore the underlying relationships between these variables.</p>
Bijan Nikouravan, Misha Nikouravan
Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/193
Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Reality of Schrödinger’s Cat
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/192
<p>The evidence that the probability interpretation is indispensable for the wave function has not been reasonably revealed since the early stages of quantum theory like the topic of Schrödinger’s cat has been discussed from various viewpoints. Recently the Schrödinger equation has reasonably derived from the diffusion equation in accordance with the causality for the Newton mechanics, regardless of the de Broglie’s hypothesis. In the derivation process, the problem of probability interpretation has been reasonably solved in relation to a wave function collapse, and moreover not only the evidence for a micro particle having a wave nature but also the evidence for validity of the de Broglie’s hypothesis itself has been theoretically revealed. Further, the other fundamental problems having been unsolved for a long time are also reasonably solved. For example, it is theoretically revealed that such a single composite particle as a cluster molecule has a wave nature when it is composed of atoms smaller than about 770 numbers.</p>
Takahisa Okino
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/192
Mon, 27 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000

The Reality of Schrödinger ’s Cat
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/191
<p> The evidence that the probability interpretation is indispensable for the wave function has not been reasonably revealed since the early stages of quantum theory like the topic of ’s cat has been discussed from various viewpoints. Recently the equation has reasonably derived from the diffusion equation in accordance with the causality for the Newton mechanics, regardless of the de Broglie’s hypothesis. In the derivation process, the problem of probability interpretation has been reasonably solved in relation to a wave function collapse, and moreover not only the evidence for a micro particle having a wave nature but also the evidence for validity of the de Broglie’s hypothesis itself has been theoretically revealed. Further, the other fundamental problems having been unsolved for a long time are also reasonably solved. For example, it is theoretically revealed that such a single composite particle as a cluster molecule has a wave nature when it is composed of atoms smaller than about 770 numbers.</p>
Takahisa Okino
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/191

Conversion of Waves Under Different Gravitational Field Intensity Area
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/189
<p>Natural disturbances in the gravitational field cause light, infrared, xray, and other waves. We define a complete wave as having two parts: a crest and a trough. A complete wave represents a single frequency. Every wave is initially powered at the source along with its wavelength and amplitude, which all vary with the gravitational field intensity in subsequent steps. A/λ has a significant impact on the wave's power. A gravitational wave is a converted wave, because of its changing power due to the changing intensity of the gravitational field.</p>
Sankar Palchoudhury
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/189
Wed, 15 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Irrefutable Proof of The NonExistence of a Gravitational Singularity at The Centre of a Black Hole
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/188
<p>Astronomical observations confirm that gravitational force decreases with the square of the distance. If the gravitational force in the centre of Sagittarius A* were close to infinity and would decrease with the square of the distance, our Milky Way could not exist as we observe it. This fact is irrefutable proof that there is no gravitational singularity in the centre of Sagittarius A* and in general, there is no gravitational singularity in the centre of a black hole.</p>
Amrit Šorli
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/188
Sun, 12 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000

The Conversion of waves under different gravitational field intensity area
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/187
<p>Natural disturbances in the gravitational field cause light, infrared, xray, and other waves. We define a complete wave as having two parts: a crest and a trough. A complete wave represents a single frequency. Every wave is initially powered at the source along with its wavelength and amplitude, which all vary with the gravitational field intensity in subsequent steps. A/λ has a significant impact on the wave's power. A gravitational wave is a converted wave, because of its changing power due to the changing intensity of the gravitational field.</p>
Sankar Palchoudhury
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/187

Irrefutable proof of the nonexistence of a gravitational singularity at the centre of a black hole
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/186
<p>Astronomical observations confirm that gravitational force decreases with the square of the distance. If the gravitational force in the centre of Sagittarius A* were close to infinity and would decrease with the square of the distance, our Milky Way could not exist as we observe it. This fact is irrefutable proof that there is no gravitational singularity in the centre of Sagittarius A* and in general, there is no gravitational singularity in the centre of a black hole.</p>
Amrit Šorli
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/186

The Holographic Complexity on Extremal Branes with Exceptional Higher Derivative Interactions
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/185
<p>The philosophy of presented multiversum doctrina dominum article is related to the coloring of the<br>theoretical framework with respect to holographic complexity on extremal branes in exclusive higher<br>dimensional representations. We examine holographic complexity in the doubly holographic model in<br>troduced in the current literature to study quantum extremal islands. We focus on the holographic<br>complexity volume proposal for boundary subregions in the island phase. Exploiting the Fefferman<br>Graham expansion of the metric and other geometric quantities near the extremal brane, we derive<br>the leading contributions to the complexity and interpret these in terms of the generalized volume of<br>the island derived from the induced highercurvature gravity action on the extremal brane. We discuss<br>the interpretation of path integral optimization as a uniformization problem in even dimensions. This<br>perspective allows for a systematical construction of the higherdimensional path integral complexity in<br>holographic conformal field theories in terms of Qcurvature actions. Motivated by the exceptional re<br>sults, we propose a generalization of the higherdimensional derivative actions of exotic extremal branes.</p>
Boris Stoyanov
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/185

The Extremal Nature of Membrane NewtonCartan Formulations with Exotic Supergravity Theories
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/184
<p>We construct a nonrelativistic limit of eleven and tendimensional supergravity theories from the point<br>of view of the fundamental symmetries, the higherdimensional effective action, and the equations of<br>motion. This fundamental limit can only be realized in a supersymmetric way provided we impose<br>by hand a set of geometric constraints, invariant under all the symmetries of the nonrelativistic the<br>ory, that define a socalled Dilatationinvariant Superstring NewtonCartan geometry and Membrane<br>NewtonCartan expansion. In order to obtain a finite fundamental limit, the field strength of the<br>elevendimensional fourform is required to obey a transverse selfduality constraint, ultimately due to<br>the presence of the ChernSimons term in eleven dimensions. The present research consider a non<br>relativistic fundamental limit of the bosonic sector of elevendimensional supergravity, leading to a<br>theory based on a Covariant Membrane NewtonCartan Supergeometry. We further show that the<br>Membrane NewtonCartan theory can be embedded in the Uduality symmetric formulation of excep<br>tional field theory, demonstrating that it shares the same exceptional Lie algebraic symmetries as the<br>relativistic supergravity, and providing an alternative derivation of the extra Poisson equation.</p>
Boris Stoyanov
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/184

The Extremal Higher Dimensional Constructions of Fundamental Brane–Antibrane Systems
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/183
<p>We calculate the extremal higher dimensional effective actions of fundamental braneantibrane<br>systems elegantly presented in the theoretical framework of advanced membrane theory con<br>structions. Detailed study of braneantibrane systems reveals when brane separation is smaller<br>than the superstring length scale, spectrum of this system has different tachyonic modes and<br>interaction regimes in the moduli superspace. The higher dimensional effective actions should<br>then include these modes because they are the most important ones which rule the extremal<br>dynamics of the fundamental brane systems. In this regard, it has been shown that an effec<br>tive action of BornInfeld type proposed in the current literature can capture many properties<br>of the decay of nonBPS Dpbranes in superstring and membrane theory. The effective actions<br>of braneantibrane systems in Types IIA and IIB superstring theories should be given by some<br>extension of the DBI action and the WZ terms which include the tachyon field configurations.<br>The DBI part may be given by the projection of the effective action of two nonBPS Dpbranes<br>in Type IIB theory. We are interested in this paper in the appearance of tachyon, gauge field and<br>the RR field in these extremal higher dimensional actions. Using the consistency of the present<br>constructions, we have also found the first higher derivative corrections to the exceptional part<br>of the extremal effective actions with braneantibrane systems.</p>
Boris Stoyanov
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/183

The Second Order Term in the Linearized Theory of General Relativity, Dark Matter and Related Cosmological Mysteries
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/170
<p>The blackhole jets, Saturn ring, dark matter and GPB anomaly are generally considered unrelated physical mysteries that have no common causes that create them. In Newtonian mechanics, the center of mass of an object change only when there is an external force applied to the object. However, the longitudinally asymmetric and radially circular (LARC) rotating objects like cone, funnel, and hemisphere have a unique mechanical property of creating a finite shift of relativistic center of mass depending on the speed of the rotation due to the difference in the instant speed of the individual mass components of the object while in rotation (<a href="#_ENREF_9">Jeong, 1996</a>). This suggests that the LARC rotating object has a complex mechanical property that does not obey the conventional Newtonian mechanical principle. It turned out that in the weak field limit of general relativity there is a second order mathematical term that requires a finite shift of the center of mass to establish its physicality. This term was discarded as physically meaningless because spherical source does not develop a shift of the center of mass even in rotation due to the mathematical cancelation. It is shown that the relativistic shift of the center of mass from the rotating LARC object is the cause of the physically meaningful dipole gravity that reduces into LenseThirring force at the center of the rotating spherical shell. However, after careful examination we found out that the signs of LenseThirring forces were reversed and once the signs are corrected, dipole gravity predicts blackhole jets and the flat rotational velocity distribution curve which is the key evidence of the existence of the dark matter. We presented that the rings in Saturn, Jupiter, Neptune and Uranus, the GPB experimental anomaly are also the results of dipole gravity from the rotating spherical sources.</p>
Eue Jin Jeong
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/170
Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000

A phenomenon in Einstein’s equivalence principle
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/168
<p>Albert Einstein assumed the equivalence principle which states that gravitational and inertial forces are of a similar nature and often indistinguishable. Also it asserts the equivalence of inertial mass and gravitational mass. Einstein assumed this for the formulation of his general relativity theory .In this letter, we logically analyse this principle.</p>
Sennimalai Kalimuthu
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/168

Femtosecond Spin Dynamics Mechanism In Graphenes: The Bloch NMRSchrödinger Probe
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/167
<p>The mechanism of the femtosecond spin dynamics is still not properly understood. The remodeled BlochSchrödinger equation was incorporated into the Hamiltonian. The mechanism of the femtosecond dynamics was investigated under three quantum states. The spin relaxation mechanism operated in a single continuous time scale (>70ps) which was in variance with known postulate. The transient reflectivity was measured to be within an angular range of 18.6o to 90.0o at a pulse range of 1MHz to 6.5 MHz. Beyond the pulse intensity of 2.5, the system elapsed into a quasiequilibrium state which explains the independence of the magnetic moment on the pulse intensity. Different possibilities of the femtosecond spin dynamics were worked out for future study.</p>
Moses E. Emetere, Bijan Nikouravan
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/167
Tue, 30 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000

Features of the NightTime FRegion Currents Over Equatorial Africa (August, 2001)
https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/166
<p>In this paper, we present the features of the equatorial Fregion current systems over equatorial Africa during nighttime on 05thAugust, 2001 observed at midnight. The observations have inferred from in situ CHAMP satellite measurements of the vector magnetic field. The magnitudes of the current along all the three magnetic field components of the Earth’s magnetic field varied considerably. The Bxcomponent recorded a diamagnetic effect of about 8nT, Bycomponent recorded a current density of 5mA/m, and Bzcomponent reached a value of 3mA/m. The Fregion dynamo, gravity dynamo and plasmapressure gradients are the possible mechanisms for the occurrence of these currents. The signatures confined to the equatorial region bounded by the Appleton anomaly.</p>
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https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/166
Tue, 30 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000